Gum treatment

Gum treatment is the treatment of active gum and jaw bone disease. Gum disease treatment can slow or stop the progression of gum disease. Since there are different stages of gum disease (from gingivitis to advanced periodontitis), there are different levels of treatment. In some cases, the patient may be referred. So much is heard about the importance of good dental hygiene and seeing your dentist regularly for the health and longevity of your teeth. But what is also just as important as keeping your teeth healthy is ensuring your gums are healthy and well-taken care of. Periodontology, or periodontics, is the area of dentistry that deals with the supporting structures of teeth and the diseases and conditions that affect them, namely, your gums and jaw bones. Periodontal diseases are most often the result of bacterial infections of the gums, and, if left untreated, can lead to tooth loss and bone loss.  There are also serious general health concerns as periodontal or gum disease is found to be closely linked to heart disease, diabetes, low birth weight babies, and pancreatic cancer.
According to the American Academy of Periodontology (APA), the foremost cause of gum disease is plaque buildup, which forms on your teeth continuously. This sticky, clear substance can be somewhat eliminated with regular, twice-a-day flossing and brushing of the teeth; however, these methods do not adequately rid the teeth and gums of all plaque, so routine professional cleaning is essential. Almost 75% of the general population does not get their teeth professionally cleaned on a basis regular enough to prevent gingivitis (inflammation of the gums), which, if left untreated, turns into periodontitis (advanced gum disease).


The process of gum disease destroying jaw bone by accumulation of plaque and calculus(tartar)

Treatment Methods

Root Planing

To plane the roots of affected teeth, a special instrument is used to remove hard deposits and to smooth the surface of the roots. This allows the gums to reattach to the teeth as they heal and reduces the pockets that lie between the gums and teeth that trap bacteria.

Scaling

Scaling, usually done in conjunction with root planing, removes plaque, calculus (calcified deposits on the teeth,tartar), and stains from the crown of the tooth to the root.


Before and after scaling


Before and after scaling

Periodontal surgery

Your bone and gum tissue should fit snugly around your teeth like a turtleneck around your neck. When you have periodontal disease, this supporting tissue and bone is destroyed, forming “pockets” around the teeth. Over time, these pockets become deeper, providing a larger space for bacteria to live. As bacteria develop around the teeth, they can accumulate and advance under the gum tissue. These deep pockets collect even more bacteria, resulting in further bone and tissue loss. Eventually, if too much bone is lost, the teeth will need to be extracted.  Pocket reduction procedure has been recommended because you have pockets that are too deep to clean with daily at-home oral hygiene and a professional care routine. During this procedure, the gum tissue will  be folded back and the disease causing bacteria will be removed  before securing the tissue into place. In some cases, irregular surfaces of the damaged bone are smoothed to limit areas where disease-causing bacteria can hide. This allows the gum tissue to better reattach to healthy bone.


Pocket reduction surgery

Periodontal plastic surgery

[ Crown lengthening ]

Do you feel your teeth look too short and your smile is too gummy or your gums cover too much of some teeth while leaving the others the right length? If so crown lengthening might be the solution for you. During this procedure, excess gum tissue is removed to expose more of the crown of the tooth. Then your gumline is sculpted to give your new smile just the right look.

  
Before and After

[ Gum tissue graft(Soft tissue graft, Root coverage) ]

 Sometimes gum recession causes the tooth root to become exposed, which makes your teeth look long and can make you look older than you are. This recession can happen as a result of a variety of causes, including periodontal diseases. Whatever the reason, exposed roots are unappealing and can leave you at risk of developing cavities on your tooth root. Soft tissue grafts and other root coverage procedures are designed to cover exposed roots, to reduce further gum recession and to protect vulnerable roots from decay.

Before and after gum grafting


Before and after gum grafting

 bleaching

Though discolored gums may be healthy, they can look very unattractive, with many women in particular finding their dark gums unappealing and presenting a major esthetic problem. The dark discolored gums can be effectively bleached by surgically or chemically.


before and after gum bleaching

What Are Laser Periodontal Procedures?

One of the most popular laser procedures for treatment of gum disease involves using specific lasers as an following initial scaling (cleaning) of the teeth and roots The laser light is delivered to the area below the gum line using a flexible fiber optic, designed to focus energy and selectively eliminate diseased tissue while leaving healthy tissue intact. The laser also provides elimination of bacterial tissue toxins and in some cases has proven to delay the re-population of certain bacteria.
This bacterial reduction often results in significant pocket reduction and a decrease of bleeding on probing, hence assisting in the treatment of periodontal disease. The benefits of this procedure attributed to the use of the laser are many: The small size and flexibility of the fiber optic delivery system provides for easy access to the to the tissues below the gum line. The laser-assisted procedure is considerably faster than traditional methods and also results in less bleeding, less post-op discomfort and less trauma than traditional hygiene appointments using metal instrumentation.
The vast majority of adult patients could realize benefit from this type of procedure and based on its minimally invasive nature, patient acceptance is high.



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Burnaby Clinic

103-4501 North Road Burnaby,
BC V3N 4R7
Tel 604-421-2804
Fax 604-568-6869
E-mail info@hanindental.com

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