What is the Orthodontic treatment?

Orthodontics is a branch of dentistry that specializes in the diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of dental and facial irregularities. Corrective appliances such as braces are applied and controlled to bring the teeth, lips, and jaws into proper alignment to achieve healthy, functional bites and facial balance.

What is malocclusion?

Malocclusion means having crooked teeth or a “poor bite.” Orthodontic treatment can correct the way teeth and jaws line up. Dentists who are specially trained to correct malocclusion are called orthodontists. They use a variety of treatment tools and techniques (including braces) to move teeth, and sometimes the jaw, into the right places. Orthodontics is a branch of dentistry that specializes in the diagnosis , prevention, and treatment of dental and facial irregularities. Corrective appliances such as braces are applied and controlled to bring the teeth, lips, and jaws into proper alignment to achieve healthy, functional bites and facial balance.

 

What causes malocclusion?

A common cause of malocclusion is teeth that have genetically too much or too little room in the jaw. If children have a small jaw, their teeth may grow into a space that is too small. As a result, teeth may grow or drift out of place. Other causes of crooked teeth include thumb-sucking, pacifier use, and tooth loss

What are the symptoms?

The most obvious sign is teeth that are crooked or stick out. Malocclusion can range from mild to severe. Most of the time, having crooked teeth is only a cosmetic problem, meaning people don’t like the way their teeth look. But in severe cases, it can cause problems with eating or speaking.

How is malocclusion diagnosed?

A dentist usually checks for malocclusion in children during regular dental visits. If the jaw or teeth are out of line, the dentist may suggest a visit to an orthodontist. The American Association of Orthodontists recommends that all children get a checkup with an orthodontist by age 7.

An orthodontist will:

  • Ask questions about your or your child’s past health problems
  • Check the mouth and teeth
  • Take X-rays of the face and teeth
  • Take photographs of the face and teeth
  • Make a plaster model of the teeth

Start your child’s trips to the dentist at age 12 months. This will help your child get used to seeing a dentist. It will also catch any early problems. Keep up with regular dental checkups 2 times a year.



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